Puppet is an infrastructure automation system for the efficient management of large scale infrastructures. Using a declarative approach puppet can manage infrastructure lifecycles from provisioning, configuration, update and compliance management. All of these management capabilities are managed logically in a centralised fashion, however the system itself can be implemented in a distributed manner. A key motivation in using puppet is that all system configuration is codified using puppet’s declarative language. This enables the sharing of “infrastructure as code” not only through out an organisation but outside of an organisation by following open source models. Puppet is the automation framework that enables [the ICCLab research infrastructure](http://www.cloudcomp.ch/research/foundation/projects/the-init-cloud-lab/).
[OpenShift](https://openshift.redhat.com/app/) is one of the Open Source Platform as a Service cloud computing frameworks that the ICCLabs works with. For developers, deploying their application to this runtime is a simple as using the all-familiar `git` command. Currently, OpenShift supports the following development runtimes:
* Ruby (Rack, RoR)
* Python (WSGI, Django)
* Perl (PSGI)
* PHP (CodeIgniter, CakePHP)
* Java (Java EE 6)
“[Cloud Foundry](http://www.cloudfoundry.com) is an open platform as a service, providing a choice of clouds, developer frameworks and application services. Initiated by VMware, with broad industry support, Cloud Foundry makes it faster and easier to build, test, deploy and scale applications. It is an open source project and is available through a variety of private cloud distributions and public cloud instances, including CloudFoundry.com.” [CloudFoundry FAQ](http://www.cloudfoundry.com/faq#whatis)
[OpenStack](http://www.openstack.org) is a cloud operating system that controls large pools of compute, storage, and networking resources throughout a datacenter, all managed through a dashboard that gives administrators control while empowering their users to provision resources through a web interface. OpenStack is the infrastructure management framework that is currently powering [the ICCLab research infrastructure](http://www.cloudcomp.ch/research/foundation/projects/the-init-cloud-lab/).