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EUCNC 2014 workshop: Mobile Cloud Infrastructures and Services (MCIS)

Workshop Motivation and Background

This workshop addresses the three main topics that are significant for the realization of the Future Internet Architecture, which are the Mobile Networking, Network Function Virtualization and Service Virtualization.

While mobile communication networks have been established decades ago and are still continuously evolving, cloud computing and cloud services became a hot topic in recent years and is expected to have significant impact on novel applications as well as on ICT infrastructures. Cloud computing and mobile communication networks have been considered separate from each other in the past. However, there are various possible synergies between them. This trend supports the use of cloud computing infrastructures as processing platforms for signal and protocol processing of mobile communication networks, in particular for current (4G) and future (5G) generation networks. This enables several opportunities to optimize performance of cloud applications and services observed by mobile users, whose devices are connected to the cloud via wireless access networks. This trend is also in line with the emerging ETSI activities in Network Functions Virtualization (NFV). The “Mobile Cloud Infrastructures and Services” workshop focuses on the thematic area that the EU project MCN is concentrating on and is addressing emerging technologies in cloud services and mobile communication infrastructures. Emphasis will be put on possible integration scenarios and synergies between them.

Workshop Structure
Based on the successful format of the FUNEMS 2013, “Mobile Cloud Networking and Edge ICT “ workshop, we plan to have a good mix of invited keynote talks from key participants in the EU FP7 projects MCN, iJOIN, CONENT and FLAMINGO and peer-reviewed abstracts of the papers to be presented. Moreover, the panel organized in 2013 was highly appreciated by the participants and therefore is proposed to be part of the program in 2014. The speakers of the workshop will form the panel. During the panel session, the presented papers will be used as the starting point for the panel discussions. The programme associated with this workshop is as follows:

Mobile Cloud Infrastructures and Services session (200 minutes + 30 minutes break), Chair Thomas Michael Bohnert (Zurich University of Applied Sciences)

  • Thomas Michael Bohnert (Zurich University of Applied Sciences), Welcome speech: EU FP7 Mobile Cloud Networking (MCN) (15 minutes)
  • Anna Tzanakaki (University of Bristol) (Invited paper), Title of invited speech: “EU FP7 CONTENT: Virtualizing converged network infrastructures in support of mobile cloud services” (15 minutes)
  • Peter Rost (NEC) (Invited paper), Title of invited speech: “EU FP7 iJOIN: Benefits and challenges of cloud technologies for ‘5G” (15 minutes)
  • Filip De Turck (University of Gent) (Invited paper), Title of invited speech: “EU FP7 FLAMINGO: Network monitoring in virtualized environments” (15 minutes)
  • Joao Soares (Portugal Telecom Inovacao), Andy Edmonds (Zurich University of Applied Sciences), Giada Landi (Nextworks), Luigi Grossi (Telecom Italia), Julius Mueller (Fraunhofer FOKUS), Frank Zdarsky (NEC Laboratories Europe), Title of presentation: “Cloud computing and SDN networking for end to end virtualization in cloud-based LTE systems” (20 minutes)
  • Desislava Dimitrova (University of Bern), Lucio S. Ferreira (INOV-INESC | IST), André Gomes (University of Bern | One Source, Consultoria Informática Lda.), Navid Nikaein (EURECOM), Alexander Georgiev (CloudSigma), Anna Pizzinat (Orange), Title of presentation: “Challenges ahead of RAN virtualization” (20 minutes)

Coffee Break (30 minutes)

  • Tarik Taleb (NEC Laboratories Europe), Marius Corici (Fraunhofer FOKUS), Carlos Parada (Portugal Telecom Inovacao), Almerima Jamakovic (University of Bern), Simone Ruffino (Telecom Italia), Georgios Karagiannis (University of Twente), Morteza Karimzadeh (University of Twente), Thomas Magedanz (Fraunhofer FOKUS), Title of presentation: “Virtualizing the LTE Evolved Packet Core (EPC)” (20 minutes)
  • André Gomes (University of Bern | One Source, Consultoria Informática Lda.), Santiago Ruiz (Soft Telecom), Giuseppe Carella (TU Berlin / Fraunhofer FOKUS), Paolo Comi (Italtel), Paolo Secondo Crosta (Italtel), Title of presentation: “Cloud-based Orchestration of Multimedia Services and Applications” (20 minutes)

Panel discussions (60 minutes)

Previous Editions

The previous edition of this workshop was entitled: “Mobile Cloud Networking and Edge ICT Services”, and it has been organized during the FUNEMS 2013, http://www.futurenetworksummit.eu/2013/. The duration of the workshop was half a day and has been organised in two sessions. The current edition of this workshop will focus mainly only on one of these sessions, “Mobile Cloud Infrastructures and Services”. The workshop was successful and attracted a relatively high number of attendees compared to other parallel workshops. 25- 50 participants have been permanently in the room at the Mobile Cloud Networking and Edge ICT Services 2013.

Workshop Audience

The target audience will be the telecommunication infrastructures and cloud computing research and industry communities, with an emphasis on European FP7 project involved researchers and organizations. The workshop organizers are participating among others in the EU FP7 IP projects: Mobile Cloud Networking (MCN), CONTENT, iJOIN, FLAMINGO and in Standardization Bodies such as Open Networking Foundation and ETSI NFV (Network Function Virtualisation). It is therefore expected that a significant part of the audience and participants will be the communities involved in Standardization Bodies such as Open Networking Foundation and ETSI NFV and the EU FP7 projects that are and will be cooperating with the EU FP7 IP project “Mobile Cloud Networking” (MCN).

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What is XIFI?
XIFI is a project of the European Public-Private-Partnership on Future Internet (FI-PPP) programme. In this context XIFI is the project responsible for the capacity building part of the programme.

XIFI will pave the way for the establishment of a common European market for large-scale trials for Future Internet and Smart Cities through the creation of a sustainable pan-European federation of Future Internet test infrastructures. The XIFI open federation will leverage existing public investments in advanced infrastructures and support advanced large-scale deployment of FI-PPP early trials across a multiplicity of heterogeneous environments and sector use cases that should be sustained beyond the FI-PPP programme.

For more details what exactly the contribution of the ICCLab to this project is see: The FI-PPP ZuFi Node

Integrate infrastructure components, with functional components that satisfy the interoperability requirements for the GEs of the FI-WARE core platform
ensure that each infrastructure site is able to offer access to its services through open interfaces as specified by the FI-PPP collaboration agreement terms and the new governance model agreed at the FI-PPP programme level support the infrastructure sites that exist in the early trial projects to adapt and upgrade their services and functionality support more of the existing infrastructures, identified by INFINITY, to adapt and upgrade their services and functionality leverage the experience and knowledge of federation of testbeds that has been gained by the FIRE initiative develop processes and mechanisms to validate that each site, which joins the XIFI federation, is able to provide the required services and thus is able to support the early trials and phase III (expansion phase) of the programme develop the necessary business incentives, in order to lay the ground work for a sustainable ecosystem beyond the horizon of the FI-PPP programme seek the cooperation with the FI-PPP Programme Facilitation and Support project as well as the technology foundation, the usage areas and early trials projects utilise, where appropriate, the infrastructure investments and project support provided by GÉANT and its connected NREN‘s and global partners who are involved in similar initiatives particularly in North America (GENI) and Asia

Main XIFI planned outcomes
Integration of selected infrastructures into a federated facility and its deployment, operation and support to provide capacity to meet the needs of the FI-PPP phase II trials. Initially the federation of infrastructures will consist of five nodes located in five different European countries enabled with the Technology Foundation services (FI-PPP project FI-WARE) to be ready before the start of FI-PPP phase III. This initial core backbone will be enlarged to 15 nodes during the second year with new local and regional infrastructures. The selection of appropriate infrastructures will be based on the work and the capacities repository (www.xipi.eu) of the Capacity Building support action (project INFINTY of FI-PPP phase I). Further relevant infrastructures originate in the new use case early trial projects, the FIRE facilities, Living Labs-related infrastructures, EIT ICT Labs-related infrastructures, and possibly others. This enlargement process will be the key to establish a marketplace for large-scale trial infrastructures.

Adaptation, upgrade and validation of selected infrastructures, through the creation of adaptation components that will enable infrastructure federation and monitoring and facilitate the deployment of FI-WARE GEs. The adaptation and update process will cover interoperability mechanisms at technical, operational, administrative and knowledge level, to be able to support the FI-WARE services with a guaranteed QoS.

A sustainable marketplace for infrastructures within the XIFI federation where they can be found, selected and used by the activities of the FI-PPP expansion (phase III) and in future initiatives beyond the FI-PPP programme. Special consideration will be given to Smart City initiatives, opening new business opportunities and providing sustainability beyond the XIFI project duration.

In addition the following will also be achieved:
The ability to efficiently replicate deployment environments to extend and validate Use Case Trials and to support the capacity sharing across Use Case Trials.
A pathway for innovators, involving and going beyond existing experimentations (e.g. FIRE and Living Labs), that enable large-scale trials to address business related issues, such as scalability and sustainability.

The provision of training, support and assistance including integration guidelines and the promotion of best-practice between large-scale trials and infrastructure nodes. These activities will facilitate the uptake and continued use of the FI-PPP results. They will address infrastructure operators, other Future Internet stakeholders including FI-PPP use cases trials, Future Internet application developers.
The creation of business models for the sustainability of the XIFI federation, through engagement with stakeholders and elaboration of value propositions, which expand the federation and maximize the impact of the project.

XIFI will demonstrate and validate the capabilities of a unified market for Future Internet facilities overcoming a number of existing limitations to the current set of Future Internet experimental infrastructures namely fragmentation, interoperability and scalability. XIFI will achieve this vision by federating a multiplicity of heterogeneous environments – using the generic and specific enablers provided by FI-WARE and the FI-PPP use cases and early trials. XIFI will extend its effort to include the results of other Future Internet services and R&D work, such as the Future Internet Research and Experimentation (FIRE) Initiative.

To facilitate the establishment of an infrastructure market, the federation will be open to any interested party fulfilling the technical and operational requirements that will be specified by XIFI, to participate. XIFI will define a number of incentives to attract the participation of infrastructures in the federation, through the creation of value propositions, including a service to validate compatibility with the FI-WARE GEs, and the opportunity to participate in the new Future Internet infrastructures marketplace under non-discriminatory principles.

XIFI will be carried out by a wide European partnership including major telecom operators, service providers, innovative SMEs, research centres, Universities, consultants and the infrastructure operators of the five initial nodes. This mix of roles and competences is necessary to ensure the achievements of XIFI are viable and sustainable beyond the FI-PPP programme. All partners have significant experience in the Future Internet activities and in collaborative programmes.

COST Action IC1304

ICT COST Action IC1304 “Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services (ACROSS)”

Currently, we are witnessing a paradigm shift from the traditional information-oriented Internet into an Internet of Services (IoS). This transition opens up virtually unbounded possibilities for creating and deploying new services. Eventually, the ICT landscape will migrate into a global system where new services are essentially large-scale service chains, combining and integrating the functionality of (possibly huge) numbers of other services offered by third parties, including cloud services. At the same time, as our modern society is becoming more and more dependent on ICT, these developments raise the need for effective means to ensure quality and reliability of the services running in such a complex environment. Motivated by this, the aim of this Action is to create a European network of experts, from both academia and industry, aiming at the development of autonomous control methods and algorithms for a reliable and quality-aware IoS

Action Fact Sheet

Memorandum of Understanding
Download MoU as PDF

Chairs of the Action:

Greetings from Soelden


The 9th IEEE Broadband Wireless Access Workshop co-located with IEEE Globecom 2013 – Report by the Chair

Report provided by Patrick Marsch, Nokia, Andreas Maeder, NEC Laboratories Europe, Arun Ghosh, AT&T Labs, Giridhar K, IIT Madras, Peter Fertl, BMW Group Research & Technology.

The 9th International Workshop on Broadband Wireless Access (BWA), in co-location with IEEE Globecom 2013 in Atlanta, US, marked the successful continuation of what has become the most renowned workshops series alongside IEEE communications conferences. The series aims at bringing together leading experts from academia and industry to discuss latest research and trends in a particularly focused and interactive way.

The organizing committee of the 9th BWA has been:

  • General Chairs: Patrick Marsch, Nokia Solutions and Networks, and Andreas Maeder, NEC Laboratories Europe.
  • TPC Chairs: Arun Ghosh, AT&T Labs, Giridhar K, IIT Madras, and Peter Fertl, BMW Group Research & Technology.
  • Steering Committee: Thomas M. Bohnert, Zurich Univ. of Applied Sciences, Dirk Staehle, DOCOMO Communications Laboratories Europe, and Gabor Fodor, Ericsson Research.

This year, the workshop attracted 85 paper submissions, out of which 31 were accepted for publication, yielding an acceptance ratio of 36%. With about 50 participants, the workshop was one of the most successful instances since the beginning of the series.

Out of the accepted papers, 20 were presented in oral form in four technical sessions:
Novel PHY techniques, e.g. looking into novel multi-carrier techniques, modified OFDM approaches or faster-than-Nyquist signaling
Novel MAC techniques, e.g. focusing on scheduling and MAC design in wireless multi-hop or mesh networks
Multi-antenna and cooperative communications, investigating interference alignment, millimeter-wave beam alignment and cooperative relaying
Spectrum, cognitive radio and HetNet, e.g. covering spectrum sensing or power allocation in cognitive networks, or dual connectivity and network selection in heterogeneous networks

The remaining 11 papers were presented as posters, including short teaser talks, and covering a wide range of topics like SON, context-aware mobility management, demand control, propagation and deployment.

The paper presentations were complemented with five invited speeches from renowned representatives of mobile network operators, network vendors and academia. All speeches were focused on the future of broadband wireless access, in particular the upcoming 5th generation of cellular communications.

In the first speech from Hank Kafka, VP Radio Access & Devices, AT&T, already the title “The Next Next Generation” reminded that just lately LTE was introduced as a next generation – and defined by its abbreviation to be of longer-lasting nature – so that the introduction of yet another generation has to be carefully considered. After highlighting the current data traffic growth and consequent network densification, Hank stated future network requirements, like increased spectral efficiency, substantially more devices, and lower cost. He touched potential solutions like massive MIMO or novel PHY and MAC approaches, but emphasized that any non-backward-compatible technology would have to deliver substantial gains in spectral efficiency, throughput and cost to be justified, considering the large recent operator investments into LTE-A.

The next speaker, Bill Payne, VP Small Cells and CDMA, Nokia Solutions and Networks, emphasized the strongly expanded application space beyond 2020. For instance, the Internet of Things with trillions of connected devices and the usage of wireless connectivity for industrial or vehicular traffic automation will offer new business opportunities, but also pose severe novel communications requirements, like latency, reliability or strongly reduced device cost and power dissipation. Bill stated that 5G will require both an evolution of existing technologies like LTE-A and Wi-Fi as well as novel radio access technologies designed to meet the very different nature of future application needs. As examples of such technologies, Bill gave an insight into the novel enhanced local area and mmWave technology NSN has been investigating in the last years.

Gerhard Fettweis, Vodafone Chair Professor, TU Dresden elaborated in detail on the novel use cases that may define 5G, like user-specifically rendered 3D, augmented reality, industry automation for user-tailored products, and traffic control. He emphasized that 5G will be about using wireless communications not only for content, but also for steering and control, and stated the key 5G requirements as throughput, latency and reliability. Gerhard discussed solutions to meet these requirements, such as generalized frequency division multiplexing (GFDM) as an enabler for lower air interface latency. He concluded his talk by pointing out the interesting future question of where in the infrastructure data and applications should reside in the context of e.g. low latency, and the potential necessity to “hand over” applications between network nodes.

Gabor Fodor, Master Researcher, Ericsson, pointed out that network nodes and devices may converge towards similar complexity, and that we will see much more transmission modes beyond 2020, including e.g. device-to-device communication. He emphasized that 5G may evolve from the classically decoupled concepts of uplink and downlink to an optimization of two-way communication incorporating network coding and network information theory. Gabor also touched various other research fields of Ericsson, like massive MIMO, shared spectrum access and mmWave technology.

Chih-Lin I, Chief Scientist Wireless Technologies, China Mobile Research Institute put an emphasis in her speech on the aspect of energy efficiency, and highlighted the paradigm change from designing wireless communications for optimized spectrum efficiency to jointly optimized energy efficiency and spectrum efficiency. She considered “Green and Soft” as the key words for BWA in the future. Specifically, she highlighted 5 key focus areas in China Mobile’s research effort: Rethink Shannon, Rethink Ring and Young, Rethink Signalling and Control, Invisible Base Stations, Small Cell New Spectrum. Chih-Lin also stated massive MIMO and Full Duplex as topics of interest for 5G, and provided some detailed considerations on an irregular antenna array her institute is designing.

The workshop was concluded by a panel discussion among the invited speakers, moderated by Patrick Marsch from Nokia Solutions and Networks. It started with the question which future application requirements would justify novel, non-backward-compatible wireless technologies. The panelists agreed on latency as a clear case, while reliability may be achieved through an evolution of existing technology. Also the need for device-to-device communications was stated, but here the operators commented that the business case behind this was not clear yet. Regarding expected technology disruptions, the panelists concluded that air interface modifications, mmWave technology, system architecture and protocol stack would be most likely fields. The speakers then elaborated on whether there can be a “one-size-fits-all” approach in 5G, able to address all requirement dimensions throughput, latency, reliability and power/cost, or whether there will be technologies optimized for specific use cases. Nobody was able to precisely answer this question, but the operators emphasized the need for compelling business cases to justify dedicated radio access technology only for some use cases. After venturing into the topic of spectrum usage, the panel was concluded with an outlook on how the wireless communications ecosystem may change beyond 2020. It was for instance discussed that network vendors may face the challenge of moving towards a consumer market as the number of base stations starts equalling that of devices, but that edge computing may be a novel business opportunity for both network vendors and network operators.

At this point, we would like to express our sincere gratitude to all persons who have made this workshop a great success, such as the Technical Program Committee which has mastered a total of 255 paper reviews, Matthieu Bloch, Kwang-Cheng Chen and John Barry as the overall workshop chairs for Globecom 2013, which have been very responsive and supportive, as well as the session chairs and invited keynote speakers and panelists.

Webcast: ITU Telecom World Forum 2013, Panel Session “Mobile Cloud Networks”, Thursday 21 November (16.15-17:45, Bangkok)

The panel sessions will be webcast (audio and video). Questions submitted via a Twitter feed using the hashtag #ITUWORLDLIVE  or by SMS or through the ITU Telecom webcast portal will be displayed on the Moderator’s laptop screen during the session.Screenshot from 2013-11-17 01:49:04

Mobile Cloud Networks
Thursday, 21 November 2013, 16:15 – 17:45, Jupiter 9

Innovative services and products over the next decade will be strongly driven by cloud computing technologies. Research communities on cloud technologies will need to address challenges such as radio access in the cloud, new opportunities for sharing of infrastructure, open source, SDN (software defined networks), new CDN (content delivery networks), and ICN (information centric networks). Globally, green requirements, performance and scalability studies and related impacts on policy, regulation and standardisation will also need to be addressed. Telecommunication networks need to be prepared for the requirements coming from cloud services, transporting the corresponding information in an effective and efficient way. The cloud concept is being brought into network architectures, by introducing virtualisation into all signal processing and information storage in the networks, and the service provision concept as a replacement for current network node functionalities. Game developers, network operators, OTT content providers and community operators will have a big role to play in these new paradigms. A broad view will be taken, addressing perspectives of innovation, standardisation, business models, implementation, roadmap, and so on.


  • Dr Thomas Michael Bohnert,  Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Switzerland


  • Prof. Luis M. Correia, Associate Professor, Instituto Superior Técnico – Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Dr Neil Davies, Founder and Chief Scientist, Predictable Network Solutions, United Kingdom
  • Mr Latif Ladid, Founder & President, IPv6 Forum, Luxembourg
  • Mr Peter Riedel, Executive Vice-President, Rohde & Schwarz, Germany
  • Dr Masao Sakauchi, President, NICT, Japan

ICCLab joins the new COST Action Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services (ACROSS) – IC1304

We are happy to announce that ICCLab was invited to join the COST Action Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services (ACROSS) – IC1304 as Swiss representative in the Management Committee.

ICT COST Action IC1304 Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services (ACROSS)

Descriptions are provided by the Actions directly via e-COST.

Currently, we are witnessing a paradigm shift from the traditional information-oriented Internet into an Internet of Services (IoS). This transition opens up virtually unbounded possibilities for creating and deploying new services. Eventually, the ICT landscape will migrate into a global system where new services are essentially large-scale service chains, combining and integrating the functionality of (possibly huge) numbers of other services offered by third parties, including cloud services. At the same time, as our modern society is becoming more and more dependent on ICT, these developments raise the need for effective means to ensure quality and reliability of the services running in such a complex environment. Motivated by this, the aim of this Action is to create a European network of experts, from both academia and industry, aiming at the development of autonomous control methods and algorithms for a reliable and quality-aware IoS.

Information and Communication Technologies COST Action IC1304

Action Fact Sheet

Download AFS as .RTF

Memorandum of Understanding

Download MoU as PDF

ICCLab in the ZHAW Impakt Magazine

Special thanks to Patricia, EiC of the ZHAW Impakt Magazine. Was a pleasure to have you with us. Download here the report about the ICCLab in the Impakt Magazine (PDF)


With the Embedded Journalist